The Cookware Laboratory Tests That You Should Know

The Cookware Laboratory Tests That You Should Know

Because of their close contact with food, cookware products carry a higher risk of safety issues than many other consumer products. If an object poses a potential safety hazard to users, product recalls may occur.

Product recalls can be expensive and harmful to a brand’s reputation. They can also have long-term effects on how the company is viewed by the public. To ensure cookware complies with international standards, additional tests may be necessary beyond what can be done during a regular product inspection.

In this blog post, we will explore the international regulations in the EU and U.S. that cookware manufacturers need to be aware of. We will also list the most important cookware safety tests that can help prevent product recalls.

Why do cookware safety regulations exist?

The food contact segment is heavily governed, with strict regulations/standards in place to ensure the health and safety of consumers.

These regulations differ from country to country and depend on the material used. For example, items marketed in the EU and the US are required to comply with rules like EC No. 1935/2004 (for the EU) and the FDA 21 CFR (for the US). Moreover, various EU nations have extra regulations, like Germany’s LFGB Law and France’s DGCCRF suggestions.

Product safety tests on cookware provide brands and retailers with assurance that the product is of good quality and safe for consumers to use if the manufacturer complies with safety regulations in the country.

The Cookware Laboratory Tests That You Should Know - Regulations

The importance of cookware testing / food contact testing

Product safety tests are typically conducted on prototypes before the manufacturing process begins. These tests are crucial for both the manufacturing companies and customers for many reasons:

  1. Implementing quality control measures can help prevent products from being recalled from the market.
  2. Meeting quality requirements is important for satisfying customers.
  3. Ensuring the safety of materials used in the manufacturing process is crucial for producing safe products.
  4. Quality control measures can prevent product failures during use.
  5. By implementing proper quality control measures, accidents to the user can be prevented.
  6. Quality control measures safeguard the brand reputation of the company.

Cookware Testing / Food Contact Testing

The Cookware Laboratory Tests That You Should Know

Regulations vary depending on where the product is distributed.

However, there are some common cookware laboratory tests that brands and retailers should know:

  1. Burning resistance test ensures handles remain unaffected by heat.
    The bottom part of the handle, including any embedded or inlaid parts made of organic material, should not melt or continue to burn.
  2. Heat resistance tests ensure that products are free of cracks or splits, and determine the maximum temperature at which the item can be used.
    Any furniture designed to be affixed to the primary structure of a product should exhibit no cracks or blisters following a test at a temperature of (150 ± 5) °C for one hour. This requirement does not apply to purely ornamental elements, such as thermoplastic inserts or covers.
  3. Bending strength test is used to ensure that the handle can withstand a bending force of 100N.
    None of the components of the handle or its attachment system should break or come loose when subjected to a bending force of 100 N for 30 seconds.
  4. Resistance to fatigue involves subjecting cookware products to loads greater than their capacity to ensure they don’t fail after multiple uses.
    The handle assembly must endure 15,000 cycles without any permanent deformation or loosening of the handle or its attachment system. If any loosening of the handle is observed, it is permissible to tighten it as instructed in the user and maintenance guide. Any deformation less than 5% of the handle’s length, measured from the handle’s end, is disregarded unless it affects product safety or functionality.
  5. Resistance to torque is the measure of the cookware handle’s ability to resist rotational forces on the screw axis, avoiding handle rotation beyond the set angle.
    After the test, the movement of the handle shall be no more than 10° in either direction. This test should not cause any harm that impacts the functionality of the handle, ferrule, or fixing system.
  6. Resistance to pull off handle assembly
    The handle assembly should be able to endure a dynamic impact of 1.5 Nm without experiencing any fractures or decrease in the stability of the handle or the fixing system.
  7. Specific migration of metals release – EDQM 23 HV metal test Metals and alloys used in food contact materials and articles shall not transfer their constituents to foods in quantities exceeding the specific release limits (SRLs). This is to ensure that, under normal and foreseeable conditions of use, they do not pose a risk to human health, cause an unacceptable change in the food composition or lead to a deterioration in its organoleptic properties.

API’s specialized solutions for kitchenware

The Cookware Laboratory Tests That You Should Know

API offers personalized solutions to ensure the safety, quality, and performance of kitchenware for brands and retailers. We assist in several key areas such as:

  • Lab Testing: We conduct tests in compliance with EU/US or national guidelines to uphold chemical and physical safety. Additionally, we offer testing with specific protocols to guarantee performance and fit for use.
  • Support in product development by pinpointing crucial aspects and proposing modifications during the design or purchase stage.
  • Technical Compliance File: This involves reviewing documentation to ensure that a product complies with protocol definitions, from document collection and verification to report issuance.
  • Factory Inspections: Assessments of factory abilities to meet production standards and ensure timely delivery of safe products.
  • Dedicated programs: customized programs that provide support at every stage of the supply chain, based on each client’s specific needs.

Interested in learning more about API’s kitchenware solutions?